Yes, there are different types of shipping containers, and the standards are:
Dry Van Shipping Containers: This is the most common shipping container on the market. It’s made from marine-grade materials that include 14 gauge rust-inhibiting steel and 1 ⅛” marine grade plywood flooring. They are wind and water tight and come standard with small pressure vents for minimal air flow but not sufficient to create functional ventilation in the interior of the container.
Refrigerated Shipping Containers: These are special containers that have been insulated to regulate temperature. They are made from stainless steel and are equipped with a refrigeration system (ranges from -15°F to 65°F) for transporting perishable foods, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals.
There are also specialized shipping containers such as tunnel containers, flat racks, open-top containers, etc. For a detailed guide of container types that will help you choose the right container for you, read this article.